Dedicated Burn CCU and Hyperbaric Chambers
We offer a full range of Laser Therapies that can reduce and improve the appearance, severity, texture and thickness of scarred tissue.
- 66% of fires occur at home
- 10% of fires occur at work
- 16% of fire occur at MVA
69% of burn victims are men, with an average age of 32, while the remaining 31% are women.
- 44% of injuries occur because of fire/flames
- 33% of injuries are caused by scaldings
- 9% of injuries are caused by direct contact with a heat source
- 4% of injuries are caused by electricity
- 3% of injuries are the result of chemical burns
Over 450,000 burn injuries require medical treatment each year, resulting in over 40,000 hospitalizations and costing over 7.5 Billion dollars.
What should you do right after a burn?
- Remove ALL clothing and jewelry
- Run cool water over the burn for several minutes. Do not place any home remedies including butter, ointments or ice on burned areas. Do not use cotton balls or wool to clean a burn. Do not burst any blisters
- Cover the burn with a clean bandage or clean cloth.
- Call 911 if the burn is deep (large broken blisters), involves the face, genitalia or a large body surface area (such as the entire chest, an arm, a leg or more), or if you are unable to care for the burn.
- Take ibuprofen or acetaminophen (Tylenol) to relieve any pain.
How are Burns Classified?
Classify burns in terms of degrees:
- First Degree (also called Superficial Partial Thickness):
- These burns only include the outer layer for skin (the dermis), and are marked by red, pink or dark pink skin. The burns are usually painful, but there are no blisters and will heal in a week or so
- Second Degree (also called Partial Thickness:
- These burns progress deeper into the dermis and may includes large blisters and may have a wet appearance. These burns will take 14-21 days to heal
- Third Degree (also called Full Thickness):
- These burns may have a charred appearance, be leathery or white in color and feel dry to the touch. Often, the burned areas will lose sensation and include the entire depth of skin. Healing will likely require skin grafts and rarely more intensive methods.
- Fourth Degree (also called Full Thickness):
- These burns progress down to muscles, tendons and bones. Often, skin grafts, intensive surgeries and even amputations may be required for healing.
Treating Third and Fourth Degree Burns
- Both third and fourth degree burns almost always require skin grafting and/or some type of surgery. In many cases, fourth degree burns will also require some level of amputation to ensure the best possible outcome.
- These burns usually take at least four to six weeks to heal, depending on the size of the burn it may be longer
- They also require expertise in excisions that is only available in a burn center. Both rehabilitation and long-term scar management modalities should be part of the care plan.
- Most burns occur in the home, and the bulk of those occur in the kitchen. Some of the dangers include:
- pots of scalding hot water too close to the edge of the stove
- Stove Left On
- Hot Grease
- Hot Foods
- A Variety of other items
- Children's Hot Noodle Spills
- We recommend maintaining a safety zone of three feet around your stove or any cooking surface
- The skin of children – as well as the elderly – is thinner than a regular adult’s. Therefore, it takes much less time to sustain a significant burn injury
- For example, if a child is placed in water that measures 120 degrees, a potentially severe burn can occur in just seconds.
- You should always make sure your hot water heater is set no higher than 120 degrees.
- People should be aware of the dangers of flammable liquids, including gasoline and kerosene. Not only is the liquid dangerous, but the fumes can cause burns and explosions.
- Always store flammable liquids in a clean, well-ventilated area.
Tips to stay safe from lightning:
- If you are close enough to the storm to hear thunder, you are close enough to get struck by lightning
- Safe shelters include homes, large buildings, or hard-topped vehicles. Never use tall trees as a shelter or stay in open water if you hear thunder
- If you are indoors, avoid using water, electronic equipment and corded telephones. Stay away from windows and doors.
- If no shelter is available, do not lie down on the ground. Instead, crouch as low and tight as you can.
What if someone is struck by lightning?
- Call 911
- Check their vital signs immediately
- Start CPR, if needed
Lightning strikes over 25 million times each year in the United States. The U.S. averages 33 death and an estimated 297 injuries each yeah due to lightning.
Four Types of Lightning Strikes:
- Direct Strike:
- Occurs when lightning strikes a person directly. Although not common, these kinds of strikes are the most deadly
- Side Flash:
- Occurs when an object is struck and the lightning “jumps” to a person.
- Ground Current:
- Occurs when lightning is conducted through an object and electrocutes objects or people nearby.
- Occurs when a person is touching an item that has been struck.
Simple Tips tp stay safe with fireworks:
- Light fireworks one at a time in a designated area, away from dry grass, homes and children.
- Fireworks should never be fired indoors.
- Designate someone as the safety person, someone as the “shooter” and someone to be in charge of keeping children clear of the “shooting” area.
- Make sure the “shooter” is not wearing loose clothing that could ignite, and follows all directions on the fireworks label. If the device does not have a warning and/or instructions label, do not fire it.
- Never stand over an item that does not fire
- Never throw fireworks. A malfunctioning fuse could cause the item to go off in your hand.
- Get a flashlight to light the area so the “shooter” can see what he or she is doing.
- Ensure a fire extinguisher, hose or bucket or water is nearby just in case there is an accident
- Keep pets and animals away as they may be frightened by the noise.
Safety Tips when Using the Grill:
For Charcoal Grills:
- Make sure it is on a level, stable surface. Use lighter fluid sparingly, and store the lighter fluid container far away from the grill. Never use gasoline to start a grill. When you are finished grilling, dispose of hot coals properly by dousing them with water and stirring the ashes.
For Gas Grills:
- Check gas lines to make sure they are not clogged, and replace any nicked or scratched connectors before cooking. Always shut off propane tank valve when not in use. Never use a match to check for leaks. Keep gas hoses as far away from grease and hot surfaces as possible.
General Tips for All Grills:
- Never use the grill indoors
- Keep grills at least 10 feet away from buildings or bushes
- Never start a grill with the lid closed, as trapped gas or fumes could cause an explosion
- Use utensils with long handles to stay clear of the fire
- Utility/Barbeque lighters are not safe for children and should not be left outdoors where the elements may weaken or damage the plastic.
- Always follow manufacturers’ instructions when operating a grill.
Oil Rig Safety Tips
According to the U.S. Centers for Disease Control 7% of all fatalities among oil workers were attributed to fires. 9% of all fatalities among oil workers were attributed to explosions.
If someone does get burned:
- Stop the burn process using low-pressure water.
- Provide first aid measures as needed (CPR as indicated).
- Treat or Prevent Shock
- Control bleeding (burns don’t bleed –if it is present there is another cause)
- Have someone call 911
- Keep the victim warm using blankets
- Stay with the victim until help arrives.