Advanced care for diabetes in Denver
Diabetes is a disease that causes high blood sugar levels. Typically, the insulin hormone moves sugar from the blood into your cells to be stored or used for energy. When you have diabetes, your body does not generate enough insulin or can’t effectively use what insulin it does make.
If high blood sugar from diabetes goes untreated, it can damage your nerves, eyes, kidneys and other organs.
There are a few different types of diabetes:
- Type 1: this is an autoimmune disease. The immune system attacks and destroys cells in the pancreas, where insulin is created.
- Type 2: this type occurs when your body becomes resistant to insulin, causing sugar buildup in the blood.
- Prediabetes: develops when blood sugar is higher than normal, but not high enough for a type 2 diagnosis.
- Gestational diabetes: high blood sugar during pregnancy; hormones produced by the placenta that block insulin cause this type of diabetes.
Symptoms of diabetes
You may be at risk for developing diabetes if you experience the following;
- Increased hunger
- Increased thirst
- Weight loss
- Frequent urination
- Blurry vision
- Extreme fatigue
- Sores that don’t heal
Men may experience a decreased sex drive, erectile dysfunction (ED) and poor muscle strength. Women with diabetes can have urinary tract infections, yeast infections and dry, itchy skin.
Diabetes can be treated in a variety of ways, including a few different medications.
The main treatment for type 1 diabetes is insulin. Insulin replaces the hormone that your body isn’t able to produce. There are four types of insulin that are most commonly used: rapid-acting, short-acting, intermediate-acting and long-acting. What type of insulin you use is dependent on when and how long you need insulin to perform.
For type 2 diabetes, diet and exercise can help with management. If lifestyle changes alone aren’t enough to lower your blood sugar, you’ll need to take medication.
Prevention for type 2 diabetes
Type 1 diabetes isn’t preventable because it’s caused by an issue with the immune system. There also some instances in which type 2 diabetes is not preventable due to factors that are not within your control, like your genes or age.
Despite this, many diabetes risk factors are controllable. Most prevention strategies involve simply making adjustments to your diet and exercise routine:
- Eat smaller portions
- Eat more fruits, vegetables and whole grains
- Cut trans and saturated fats, along with refined carbohydrates, out of your diet
- Get at least 2-3 hours per week of aerobic exercise, like walking or cycling